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Campaña Cero Desalojos

Eviction of Occupied Areas in the Province of Bulacan, Philippines

Eviction of Occupied Areas in the Province of Bulacan, Philippines
Tipología de desalojo:
Por las liberalizaciones del mercado inmobiliario , Por políticas de desarrollo urbano , Por privatizaciones del sector de la vivienda y de propriedades del estado
Area geográfica:
Padre Pio, Villa Luis, Pandi Residence 3, Pandi Village 2
Nombre de la comunidad o del nucleo familiar amenazados de desalojo:
Occupation of idle housing around several resettlement sites of the government
Número estimado de personas afectadas (en cifras):
Titulación de la tenencia:
Caracteristicas económicas:
desempleado / desasalariado , trabajador informal
Caracteristicas sociales:
Ninguna de estas
Grupo de edad:
Informaciones sobre la historia y antecedentes del caso:
We are writing from the Philippines on behalf of the current occupation of around 6,000 idle homes in Bulacan, a province nearby Metro Manila. KADAMAY is a national alliance of urban poor Filipinos and last March 8 2017, we led a successful campaign to occupy thousands of idle homes in resettlement sites. Women took the lead on this occasion marking International Women’s Day as well.

The occupation is a result of the failure of the National Housing Authotity (NHA) and the national government to heed the demands of the poor for housing rights. Last year, we held five dialogues with shelter agencies concerning the state of relocation sites. We aired our demands along with thousands of representatives yet these were left on deaf ears, even at the Presidential palace.

Aside from having severely inadequate public facilities and utilities like water and electricity, there are sky high amortization costs. This is on top of the glaring lack of employment opportunities. One of the more apparent issues is the number of people in relocation sites without actual housing units. Many of the people are renters, sharers and homeless.

The NHA has already admitted in past years that the number one problem of relocation sites is the exodus back to the cities. People simply cannot cope with the costs that require you to pay up to 500,000 pesos over a period of 30 years. To gain water and electricity, even for limited times, they are forced to pay rates higher than that of Manila since private corporations monopolize utilize in these areas.

The occupation was very much met with disdain by government and housing officials. Police and military have been deployed for constant harassment, food blockades have been setup to starve the occupants. There are also smear campaigns that say we are threatening violence against other residents or that we took the housing units from other beneficiaries. In truth, many of the thousands of homes (15 to 20 thousand) have been idle for 5 years or more. Only dust, vegetation and insects reside in those homes.

A study by the NHA itself last September that only 8% of around 60,000 homes erected for Police and Military personnel were occupied. This is only the ones made for the authorities. Many others are vacant because the government will not allow anyone to live there without going through a rigorous, taxing and unjust amortization scheme.

At the same time, according to data from the Presidential Commission for the Urban Poor (PCUP), from January 2012 to December 2016, there were 1,279 cases of demolition which affected 250,000 families and displaced around 1.2 million individuals.

While there has been support from many marginalized groups and sectors, the President has now echoed and formalized the eviction notice against the occupation. The eviction is set on March 27. We find it extremely ironic, how the government touts its process of acquiring housing, lambasts for not committing to the process (even if we had several dialogues) and yet can manage to stage an eviction in a matter of days.

Our occupation highlights a humanitarian and housing crisis of the homeless in the country. This was an organized efforts in assertion of the rights of the poor that have been neglected and exploited in so far as we can remember. The failure of the housing officials and the national government to fulfill its duty to the poor is what prompted this and they are the ones who should be evicted.

At the moment, we keep our barricades strong and are seeking greater support from all over the world. We have already met with representatives of Congress and they have filed an inquiry into the House of Representatives into the housing problem. However, now the president seems intent on the eviction.
Niveles de causa y responsabilidad:
Violaciones de los articulos de la normativa internacional:
Declaración Universal de Derechos Humanos , Pacto Internacional sobre los Derechos Economico, Sociales y Culturales (art. 11)
Razones esgrimidas para el desalojo, oficiales y no oficiales:
Illegal occupation
Principales acontecimientos que ya tuvieron lugar en relación con el desalojo (fechas, año y hora):
see case history
Nombre de las autoridades que llevan o planean llevar a cabo el desalojo: :
National Housing Authority, empowered by the Presidential Decree No. 1472, s. 1978 Signed on June 11, 1978 (under dictator Aquino) without bringing court actions.  This way not only the NHA violates the housing rights but also the proper trial proceedings set by the General comments n. 4 and n. 7 to the art. 11 ICESCR
Nombre de las organizaciones involucradas, sus fortalezas y debilidad, sus enfoques del problema:
KADAMAY the national alliance of Filipino urban poor.
Nombre de las agencias, ONGs o instituciones de apoyo que trabajan en la comunidad:
All organizations under the Bagong Alyansang Makabayan or New Patriotic Alliance.
Medidas tomadas o propuestas hasta el momento por la comunidad y/o las agencias u ONGs que apoyan para resistir el desalojo y/o buscar soluciones alternativas:
Community barricades
Alternativas o posibles soluciones ofrecidas o propuestas por las autoridades locales o nacionales a las comunidades afectadas:
Estrategias y futuras medidas previstas o discutidas para enfrentar el caso u otros desalojos:
Immediate awarding of occupied housing units
Fechas previstas importantes para (precisar de qué se trata y cuando sucederá: día, mes año):
Eviction notice to be served on March 20. Eviction set between March 27-29 2017
Autor (Nombre, Dirección y responsabilidad):
Michael Beltran, 506-A, NS Amoranto Street, barangay St. Peter, QC. Information Officer of KADAMAY National Office
Organización/organizaciones informantes:
KADAMAY - Kalipunan ng Damayang Mahihirap
Relación con AIH de las organizaciones informantes comunitarias que llevan el caso:
Parte de la Campaña Cero Desalojos
Fecha de la denuncia:
Michael Philip Beltran